CHRISTIANS AND THE SABBATH
Colossians 2:16 is often interpreted by those who reject GOD’S festivals as confirmation that the Biblical Feast Days are unnecessary observances. The Apostle Paul wrote this epistle to the Colossian Christians, a gentile congregation. “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or drink, or in respect of a HOLY DAY, or of the NEW MOON, or of the SABBATH DAYS:” From the context, we see that Paul, in this passage, is countering a local heresy. In so doing, he actually confirms and explains the value of GOD’S DAYS to Christians. He explains that they foreshadow “things to come.” In other words, the focus of GOD’S FESTIVALS is on the future, relating GOD’S plan directly to the commission Christ gave HIS Church. So let us examine what Paul actually says about SABBATHS, NEW MOONS, and HOLY DAYS. First, we need to understand that Paul was confronting heresy. False teachers had infiltrated the congregation in Colosse. These deceivers had influenced the Colossian Christians by introducing their own religious philosophy. This prompted Paul to warn the Colossians in verse 8, “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the traditions of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.” They also had elevated their traditions to greater importance than GOD’S COMMANDMENTS (see Mark 7:8-9) Paul tried to keep the Colossians focused on Christ as the head of the Church (Colossians 1:18; 2:10,19) but these false teachers were trying to persuade them to direct their worship toward angels (Colossians 2:18) and neglect their own bodies (verse 23). No such distorted ideas are taught anywhere in the Scriptures. Paul characterized the Colossians heresy as “empty deceit” and the basic principles of the world (verse 8). The deceivers were persuading the Colossians to ignore plain Biblical instruction in favor of “traditions of men”. What type of deceitful regulations did Paul combat? Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle… according to the commandments and doctrines of men” (verses 21-22). The heretics’ advocated man-made regulations concerning physical things that “perish with the using” (verse 22). Why is this important? The deceivers were probably forerunners of a major religious movement, Gnosticism that flourished in the second century. They did not represent mainstream Jewish thinking of that day, nor were they faithful to the Scriptures. They believed salvation could be obtained through constant contemplation of what is “spiritual”, Paul explained, the neglect of the physical body (verse 23). It appears they may believe in various orders of angels and in direct human interaction with angels. Paul indicates they regarded all physical things, including the human body, as decadent. He explicitly states that the heresies he was countering “concern things which perish with the using (physical things) according to the commandments and doctrines of men” (verse 22). Paul tells us he was countering human commandments and doctrines – NOT the COMMANDMENTS of GOD. The Colossian heretics had introduced various man-made prohibitions – such as “Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle” (verse 21) – against the enjoyment of physical things. They especially objected to the pleasurable aspects of GOD’S FESTIVALS – the eating and drinking aspects – that are COMMANDED in the Scriptures (see Deuteronomy 12:17-18). When Paul wrote, “Let no one judge you in food”. Verse 16, he was not discussing what types of food they should or should not eat. The Greek word (brosis), translated “food”, refers not to the kinds of foods one should or should not eat, but to “the act of eating” (Vines Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, 1985, “Food”). The point is that the deceivers disdained feasting – and type of eating and drinking for enjoyment. Paul instructed the Colossian Christians, not to be influenced by these false teachers’ objections to eating, drinking and rejoicing on SABBATHS, FEAST DAYS and NEW MOONS. Perhaps at this point, I should also mention the relationship between NEW MOONS and GOD’S FESTIVALS. The dates for observing GOD’S FESTIVALS are determined by a lunar calendar. Therefore, NEW MOONS – which mark the beginning of the months, are important for establishing correct FESTIVAL dates. Unlike GOD’S HOLY DAYS, however, NEW MOONS are not commanded observances in the scriptures. In the Millennium the custom of making the arrival of the NEW MOON a special occasion will again be restored (Isaiah 66:23), but no Biblical command exist now that requires their observance. Now back to Paul’s main point: The Colossian deceivers had no authority to judge or determine how the Colossians were to observe GOD’S FESTIVALS. That is why Paul said, “Let no man judge you in meat, or drink or in respect HOLY DAY, or of the NEW MOON, or of the SABBATH DAYS…” (verse 16-17). Notice that Paul tells them to reject false human judgments, not the judgments of GOD found in the scriptures. At this point, I should note another grammatical matter. The words “respect of” are translated from the Greek noun “meros”, which denotes a part of something. Therefore, a more accurate rendering of what Paul wrote would be “Let no man therefore judge you … in any part of a HOLY DAY or of the NEW MOON or of the SABBATH DAYS…” Paul is simply being consistent. Eating and drinking is an appropriate part of SABBATH and FEAST DAY observance according to the Scriptures. Therefore, Paul uses (“meros” – “part”) to cover all parts or aspects of GOD’S HOLY DAYS that these heretics might condemn or criticize. Nothing in this passage even suggests that GOD abolished HIS SABBATHS of HOLY DAYS, nor authorized Paul to do so. Succumbing to the judgmental influences of those early Gnostic heretics is what Paul condemns, not the observance of SABBATHS and FEAST DAYS. GOD’S FESTIVALS are times for joy and celebration. HE commands us to attend them and rejoice with our children – our entire family (Deuteronomy 12:5, 7; 14:26). HE wants us to attend them. No wonder Paul condemns the misguided ascetic philosophy of the Colossian heretics with such vigor. Paul was defending the Christian’ right to enjoy feasting, at GOD’S HOLY FESTIVALS.